Christopher is developing a broad litigation and advisory practice. He has experience in respect of court and tribunal proceedings, and in alternative dispute resolution. Christopher welcomes paperwork and court instructions in these areas:
- Property and housing
- General commercial and chancery
- Insolvency, personal and corporate
- Aviation and travel
As a qualified Public Access barrister, Christopher will accept instructions from company directors, consultants, in-house lawyers, and members of the public, in appropriate cases.
Christopher was nominated for the 2020 Young Pro Bono Barrister of the Year award at the Advocate Bar Pro Bono Awards.
- Property & housing
Christopher has experience in a range of disputes concerning property and housing, both in court and in the First Tier Tribunal (Property Chamber). His work includes:
- Mortgages, both consumer and commercial
- Land registration and options to purchase
- Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 (TOLATA) and proprietary estoppel
- Forfeiture and relief from forfeiture
- Boundary and rights of way disputes
- Disrepair and dilapidations
- Leasehold enfranchisement, lease extension under Leasehold Reform, Housing and Urban Development Act 1993 (LHRUDA)
- Covenants, including breach of covenant and applications to modify or discharge restrictive covenants
- Possession claims, including bringing or defending applications to set-aside possession orders or suspend warrants, trespassers and interim orders
- Service charges, including s.20 consultations and dispensing with their requirements,
- Right to manage
- Council tax and rates
- Business leases
- Social housing possession, including issues related to Equality Act 2010
- Anti-social behaviour and nuisance
- Tenancy fraud, including unlawful sub-letting and rent repayment orders
- Social housing disrepair and breach of covenant
- Jarvis v Evans and another (Shelter Cymru intervening)  EWCA Civ 854 – junior counsel (led by Sarah Salmon) for the successful Respondent tenants in the first Court of Appeal case to consider the provisions of Part 1, Housing (Wales) 2014. Landlords who are not licensed under Part 1 cannot rely upon a section 8 or section 21, Housing Act 1988 notice served by them to obtain possession unless they have used an authorised agent
- Re H (2020): successfully representing a large housing association in defending it from a claim that it was required to be registered in order to serve a s.21 notice, the argument having implications for over 37,000 properties
- Dhillon v Barclays Bank Plc and Chief Land Registrar  EWHC 475 (Ch) – property fraud; void transfers; alteration of the register. Representing the claimant, as sole counsel, in a decision under paragraph 3(3) of Schedule 4 of the Land Registration Act 2002. Held that “exceptional circumstances” justified the court not ordering rectification of a mistake, namely the forged dispositions of the property. Important decision on the availability of an indemnity in “derivative mistake” situations
- Kam Fai To v London Borough of Newham (E03EC990) (2019): terms of a business lease renewal, successfully representing claimant at tribunal hearing in relation to a dispute over the permitted use and rent clauses in the new lease subject to the 1954 Act
- City of London v 363 Lessees: LON/00AU/LDC/2019/0107 FTT-Property Chamber, (2019): representing City of London in its successful application to disapply a s.20 consultation requirement in relation to 363 leases across five estates
- EB Pension Fund v Froggatt: LON/00AE/LBC/2018/0002 FTT-Property Chamber (2018): Successfully defending tenant against a landlord’s breach of covenant claim
- R v D (2017): Advising a business as to its rights in relation to an assignment of a 1954 Act protected lease and share sale purchase.
- Re D (2016): successfully representing a claimant in a 2-day trial concerning a dispute between family members as to the ownership of a £1.1m family home under TOLATA.
- Commercial & Chancery
Christopher has experience relating to the drafting of statements of case, advising, and appearing in court, or in interlocutory applications, in matters with commercial or chancery elements. His work includes:
- Shareholder and/or company disputes, including s.994 Companies Act 2006 petitions
- Restoration of companies to the register
- Applications to register a charge out of time or to correct a statement of particulars under the Companies Act 2006
- Claims under Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975, and in regard to the administration of estates and/or validity of wills
- Commercial injunctions
- Claims regarding the supply of goods or services
- Contractual or franchise disputes
- Claims under guarantees
- Commercial debt claims
- Agents and agency disputes
- Credit and hire purchase disputes, regulated and unregulated agreements
- Return of goods and satisfactory quality
- Undue influence and unconscionable bargains
- Adande v Firoka (King’s Cross) Ltd  EWHC 3679 (QB) – Hotels; negligence; security precautions; hotel lock scandal; disclosure and permission to adduce further evidence on appeal – successfully represented the claimant in a claim for the loss of jewellery and other items from a hotel room following a burglary. Hotel was found to be negligent in being aware of a door locking system being vulnerable to being overcome by thieves
- Re NCL (2017): successfully obtaining an injunction before Morris J against the continuation of a solvent winding up of a charitable company that owned a football ground in East London
- Re W (2017): claim regarding the administration of an estate worth £1.7million
- Assisting in A v A, L and P (2015): a claim regarding an investment in a Central London nightclub, raising issues of partnership, restitution, estoppel and contract
- Acting as junior counsel in relation to a multi-million-dollar dispute that concerned the rules for the interpretation of payment guarantee and on demand performance bonds: Caterpillar Motoren GmbH v Mutual Benefits Assurance Company  EWHC 2304 (Comm)
- Insolvency & asset recovery
Christopher regularly appears in the High Court and the County Court in relation to insolvency and asset recovery matters. His work includes:
- Statutory demands
- Injunctions to restrain presentation of a winding up petition
- Creditors’ or voluntary winding-up petitions, Supervisors’ petitions (contributories)
- Bankruptcy petitions
- Rescission or annulment of bankruptcy orders
- Transactions at an undervalue and preferences under the Insolvency Act 1986 or Care Act 2014
- CVA or IVA advice
- Interim and final charging orders
- Third party debt orders
- Injunctions or ex-parte applications in relation to suspended committal orders or orders for questioning, or restraining the presentation of a winding-up petition
- Re TK (2017): successfully representing a finance house in defending an application to set aside a statutory demand
- LNC v C (2016): successfully representing an insurance company in an application for annulment of bankruptcy raising issues of service and handwriting
- Re OM (2016): Representing a successful debtor by achieving dismissal of a High Court bankruptcy petition on grounds of set-off in respect of a future claim against the creditor
- Re B and B (2016): representing a Trustee who was successful in his claim under s.423 of the Insolvency Act 1986 to set aside a deed of trust.
- Aviation & Travel
Christopher has experience of drafting pleadings and applications on behalf of airlines and appearing at hearings and trials in aviation and travel disputes. His work includes:
- Delay, cancellation or denied boarding
- Montreal and Tokyo Convention, and other aviation conventions
- Claims for damages in respect of package holidays
- Re GJ (2020): advising in respect of the Civil Aviation Act 1982
- D v M (2017): successfully disputing the court’s jurisdiction under CPR Part 11 on behalf of a major international airline based in Asia.
- Re R (2017): successfully defending an international airline based in the Middle East against claims of race discrimination and unlawful denied boarding.
- S v M (2017): drafting a defence and counter schedule of loss for a large European airport in relation to a slip at a security checkpoint causing a serious bone fracture. Expert evidence on foreign law was necessary for the defence.
- Re B (2016): successfully defending a large baggage loss claim at trial on behalf of an international airline based in Belgium.
- Re T (2016): Representing a package tour operator based in the UK in respect of a claim for loss of enjoyment and injury to feelings resulting from the failure to provide a particular hotel room for the couple’s wedding anniversary.
- Professional Memberships
- Chancery Bar Association
- Property Bar Association
- Social Housing Law Association
- GDL (Distinction) City University, London
- Middle Temple (The Lord Diplock Scholarship)
- BA (Exon) (2.1) History and Ancient History
Christopher studied basic Mandarin Chinese at East China Normal University in Shanghai and continues to develop his Mandarin Chinese skills.